What are future time clauses?

Welcome back to The Art of Business English. In this week's episode you will learn about Future Time clauses and how you can use them correctly.

As always, I will provide you with some examples to help you better understand their use in context. 

Let's go! 

Time clauses are time expressions and when we use them to talk about the FUTURE, they are not followed by a future tense but by a PRESENT tense.

When I
finish university, I’ll travel the world.
The sun will have set
by the time I get home.

When we want to emphasize that one action finishes before another starts, we use the PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE.

E.g. I’ll tidy up as soon as the painters
have left.

As soon as

As soon as we get to the airport, we will check-in


When you finish the report, we will go for lunch

By the time (= before a time or event)

By the time we arrive, the meeting will have already started.

Watch the episode here

The moment

The moment you get into the office, call me.


Melissa will stay until she has finished the report.


We won’t sign the agreement, until after we have the board’s approval


We will have to start the meeting before he arrives, or we will go over time.


Once you have completed the research, we will make a final decision.

Final thoughts

In conclusion, Future Time Clauses are commonly used in everyday English, however they can sometimes cause non-native speakers problems. Remember, the rule is simple, we use the Present Simple or the Present Perfect and never a future tense such as "will".

Well, that is it for this week, be sure to grade a copy of my eBook below to further improve your English vocabulary and pronunciation. 

Take care, till next week. 

Courses to get you started with

Let us help you on the journey to learn English, feeling satisfied with yourself and being confident in situations where in the past you felt uncomfortable.

Subscribe and listen for free

Online Business English Courses

We help business professionals improve their business prospects through highly effective English language training courses.

Related Posts

How to Use Modal Verbs for Business

How to Use Modal Verbs for Business

Words to describe complicated situations

Words to describe complicated situations

Expressions for awkward situations

Expressions for awkward situations

Pronunciation tips with Andrew and Vincent

Pronunciation tips with Andrew and Vincent


Andrew is the CEO and founder of the Art of Business English. Besides teaching and coaching native Spanish speakers in Business English, he is also passionate about mountain biking, sailing and healthy living. When He is not working, Andrew loves to spend time with his family and friends.

Andrew Ambrosius

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}